Dehydration is the loss of water in the superficial layers of the skin (epidermis) resulting in what is referred to as Transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Dry skin is characterized by scaly patches, fine lines, dull complexion, itching, coarse texture, redness, sensitivity. If left untreated it can lead to more serious conditions such as Eczema, Acne and Psoriasis.
Dry skin can be due to genetic factors or an acquired condition. It is often caused by the use of harsh skin care products, leading to a breakdown in the skin barrier and increased water loss. This prevents the necessary enzymes from releasing the dead skin cells, resulting in rough patches.
The treatment strategy for Dry / Dehydrated skin includes restoring the skin barrier and decreasing TEWL (Trans Epidermal Water Loss), calming inflammation, feeding the skin NMF (natural moisturizing factors) and increasing EFA’s (essential fatty acids).