Ageing, Dehydrated, Dull, Tired Skin
Ageing is characterized by the loss of collagen and elastin, decline in circulation, decrease in repair of damaged tissue, increase in scar tissue deposits, slowing of epidermal turnover, damage to DNA and increased MMP (enzymes that break down collagen and elastin) activity.
One of the biggest contributors to the formation of premature wrinkles is UV exposure. Chronic UV exposure is the cause of many types of skin cancers and pigmentation disorders. It causes premature aging by thinning the epidermis as well as causing breakdown of collagen, elastin, and a decrease in GAG (Glycosaminoglycans) formation.
A second major contributor is expression lines. These are wrinkles that are caused by muscle contractions (facial expressions). This leads to the compression and folding of the skin layers resulting in wrinkle formation. Initially these wrinkles only appear when the muscle contracts, however, as the skin ages these folds become more prominent and appear when the muscles are at rest.
The treatment strategy for ageing includes stimulation of collagen and elastin, removal of scar tissue, increasing the skin’s antioxidant and food supply, increasing epidermal turnover, normalizing moisture and oil levels and improving the skin’s UV protection.
’’ The treatment strategy for ageing includes stimulation of collagen and elastin, removal of scar tissue…”
Dehydration is the loss of water in the superficial layers of the skin (epidermis) resulting in what is referred to as transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Dry skin is characterized by scaly patches, fine lines, dull complexion, itching, coarse texture, redness, sensitivity. If left untreated it can lead to more serious conditions such as Eczema, Acne and Psoriasis.
Dry skin can be due to genetic factors or an acquired condition. It is often caused by the use of harsh skin care products, leading to a breakdown in the skin barrier and increased water loss. This prevents the necessary enzymes from releasing the dead skin cells, resulting in rough patches.
The treatment strategy for Dry / Dehydrated skin includes restoring the skin barrier and decreasing TEWL (Trans Epidermal Water Loss), calming inflammation, feeding the skin NMF (natural moisturizing factors) and increasing EFA’s (essential fatty acids).